FREE Speech Therapy Activities

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If you are looking for some speech therapy activities for your child to work on at home checkout the following website. These are FREE activities to motivate and engage children to learn speech, language, and communication skills.

http://speechtx.com

It has four major activities; language, literacy, AAC, and articulation. These activities are then broken down into subcategories! We hope you enjoy these FREE activities!

Posterior Tongue Tie – Causes and Treatments

Posterior tongue tie (ankyloglossia) is a shortening of the frenulum of tongue, thereby limiting his mobility. The shortening of the bridle – a birth defect. Newborn posterior tongue tie causes disturbances in the process of sucking. In older children it can be a malocclusion, speech defects and problems with swallowing.

There are four types of posterior tongue tie:

  1. In the first type of posterior tongue tie the frenulum is short and thin and does not contain large vessels.
  2. In the second type of posterior tongue tie bridle short and thick, with a content of large blood vessels and connective tissue.
  3. while the posterior tongue-tie is characterized by the thickening brake (type III)
  4. or a submucosal brake (a wide, flat mound lingual ) which restricts movement to the base of the tongue (type IV).

    Posterior Tongue Tie type 1 above:

    Frenulum insertion occurs at the tip of the tongue. When the baby cries, tongue or heart-shaped appears bifida, as the bridle pulls the tip of his tongue into her mouth.

    Posterior Tongue Tie type 2 above:

    The insertion occurs bridle few millimeters further back than type 1. The language is not usually see bifida, but when the baby cries, you can see the tip of the tongue falls down.

    Posterior Tongue Tie type 3 Rear:

    This type of bridle could be defined as a combination of types 2 and 4, since there is little visible membrane at the back of the tongue but also a submucosal anchor, so not enough to sever the membrane to release the tongue floor of the mouth.This type of bridle may be difficult to observe with the naked eye, but just spend a finger from side to side under the tongue resting baby to notice him. 

    The tongue may have a normal appearance and perform extension movements with relative ease, but doing so will warp the periphery and become depressed in the center, and the baby can not raise it to touch the palate with mouth wide open. Depending on the thickness and woodiness of the submucosal component, the tongue may also present a matted and compact appearance.

    Posterior Tongue Tie Type 4 bridle later:

    Bridle as such is not seen with the naked eye because it is hidden under a layer of mucosal tissue, and almost totally restricted mobility of the tongue, so it is very anchored to the floor of the mouth and can present a compact appearance.The movement of the tongue is usually asymmetric. Often a pointed or narrow palate, a direct consequence of the low mobility of the tongue is appreciated.

    Ankyloglossia literally means “tongue tied or anchored” and is a very graphic definition of what happens to babies born with frenulum too short for the tongue: the tongue is attached to the floor of the mouth and can not perform the necessary movements for the baby to suck effectively without compromising the welfare of his mother.

    Symptoms of Posterior Tongue Tie

    Ankyloglossia, or posterior tongue tie, has has been said congenital, which is detected after the inspection frenum. Among the symptoms of posterior tongue tie are sucking and swallowing problems, speech difficulties, mechanical problems and mandibular growth:

    • Sucking and swallowing (13%): the tie occurs in approximately 5% of newborns (8). This alteration is associated with 25-60% of the incidence of difficulties during breastfeeding for both mother and infant. Thus, you may have damage to the mother’s nipple, breast pain caused by extreme exertion suction, repeated episodes of mastitis, recuso breastfeeding, neonatal dehydration, poor milk supplement for infant causing poor weight gain and premature weaning may prevent the development of adult swallowing mechanism (8,10,12,13,14,20,21,22). These findings suggest that neonatal frenectomy should be considered in this select group of mothers whose infants with posterior tongue tie are also having trouble breastfeeding (8).
    • Speech (32%): the speech problem related to the tie is often overestimated. Sometimes, it can cause errors in the joint and affect the expression of alveolar-lingual and dental-lingual as t, d, l, n and r consonants; because the pronunciation of these requires opposition of the tongue against the socket or palate (22). Most joint failures has been found in people with limited mobility of the tongue when compared to those with normal mobility. Moreover, there is sufficient evidence that a good speech is still possible in the presence of a significant ankyloglossia and speech problems can be overcome without frenectomy, and yes with a speech therapy (10).
    • Mechanical Problems (14%): these are the most underrated problems of posterior tongue tie. The lack of mobility of the tongue causes inability to perform an internal oral self-cleaning, disabled lick lips and prevents often play wind instruments (9), implying social problems.
    • Mandibular growth: mild ankyloglossia no effect on the growth of the jaw except minor dental abnormalities of the incisors or mucogingival recession. The tie may cause more severe and other prognatismo open cases (10,22,23) bite.
    • Retrognathia: although the retrognathia (shorter lower jaw from the top) is physiological in infants and changes with growth, babies with posterior tongue tie usually have an obvious retrognathia.
    • Lingual corn: the corn or callus, tongue indicate that the baby must pull hard to grab the chest and that it causes sores by rubbing.
    • Irregular movements of the language: when the baby cries we can see that the language does not move symmetrically, stands or bends of different areas
    • Clicks: babies with posterior tongue tie can suck making noises with his tongue clicks, very characteristic indicating that occasionally the tongue can not maintain grip.
    • Arched palate: the language, at rest, can not be placed in the correct position it just modifying oral structures. The upper jaw is narrow forming a V, and palate sinks in parallel, which gives a deep look.

    Many children with the disease symptoms are not manifested. As children get older lingual frenulum becomes longer and corresponds arisen as a result of disease restrictions in the movement of the tongue. But some children with this disease experience the following symptoms:

    • Low self-esteem and difficulties with adaptation. Child with posterior Ankyloglossia is unable to play wind instruments or using the language clean the teeth from food. Often it causes ridicule from the other guys.
    • Speech defects occur because the tip of the tongue can not rise to the desired level, so the child is not able to pronounce certain letters: l, n, s, s, d, t.
    • Difficulties with nutrition in infancy, because the child is loosely adjacent to the mother’s breast. The solution in such a situation becomes artificial nutrition.

    Causes of Posterior Tongue Tie

    This is a congenital defect, it is inherited. As a rule, these problems had parents or someone of the other next of kin. In the development of children with this defect often additional anomalies were observed. Normally tongue-tied observed in children whose mothers during pregnancy used cocaine. 

    In addition, the disease occurs in people who are diagnosed with a congenital defect, causing deformation of the face and the oral cavity. For example, it may be cleft palate, which is directly related to changes in the X-chromosome.

    The prevalence of short bridle of tongue occurs three times more often in boys than in girls. Up to 50% of patients with Ankyloglossia have close relatives with the same pathology. Most of the children otherwise relatively healthy, but in some it can be a manifestation of the syndrome of multiple congenital malformations. Ankyloglossia prevalence is approximately 1:1000.

 

You can find all of this information, and much more on http://www.posteriortonguetie.com

7 Interesting Facts About Speech Disorders and Their Effects on People

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Do you know the difference between stuttering and cluttering? Or that according to the American Speech-Language-Hearing Association (ASHA for short) there are ~7.5 million people in the United States alone with a speech disorder? Checkout this article to read up on 7 interesting facts about speech disorders…

http://health.allwomenstalk.com/interesting-facts-about-speech-disorders-and-their-effects-on-people

Asemia

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/ase·mia/ (a-se´me-ah)

Is a medical condition dealing with inability to employ or to understand either speech or signs. It is a more severe condition than aphasia, which is the inability to understand linguistic signs. Asemia is caused by damage in the areas of the mind that process communication signals.

The most common cause of asemia is trauma to the brain, such as stroke, a brain tumor or a blow to the head. Other possible causes include Alzheimer’s disease and infection. Though left-handed people can process communications in both the left and right sides of the brain, most people use their left brain only. For this reason, the condition typically is the result of a problem in that side of the brain. Asemia often appears suddenly because of the nature of the conditions that cause it, although it can develop slowly, such as with dementia.

Depending on the severity and the kind of condition that causes it, asemia can be temporary or permanent. In many cases, it can be treated within days. This is especially common among patients who have suffered a stroke, which is also the largest group to get asemia.

The most common treatment for asemia is speech therapy. This treatment enables a patient to relearn writing, speaking and comprehension skills. Depending on the severity of the condition, it can take years to complete therapy. Methods of treatment include speech practice and the use of specialized computer programs that help a patient practice the basics of communication.

Complete success is common, but there are cases it which it is possible to restore only partial ability. In some situations, a therapist might concentrate on helping the patient to manage the loss of skills that cannot be retrieved. Using short sentences, writing down phrases and giving patients ample time to communicate can aid in the healing process.

There is a form of expression known as asemic writing in which text is created with no obvious meaning, though it might derive significance through context. It is an abstract form that is often incorporated into visual art. Although it might look similar to regular text, asemic writing can be arranged in any way, from a traditional set of organized lines to a randomly arranged group of scribblings.

This article and more can be found on wiseGEEK.net!

One Item Therapy: Playdough

Written by Nicole Allison – Speech Peeps

Go into any therapy room and you’ll see it.

Playdough.

As an SLP, it’s one of our essentials.

Like my other One Item Therapy resources, it’s all about simple with this product. With the busy schedules we have, I wanted a packet that would be meaningful and fun for our students but also didn’t require a lot of precious prep-time.

Unlike some of my other One Item Resources, this packet contains a lot of STEM activities, with a slant towards language development. For that reason, you’ll see things included such as building a solar system and talking about vocabulary such as “rotate, revolve, gravity, and axis.” Your students will also be building shapes and towers using play dough but I always gear these activities with a language focus.

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We had so much fun using smash mats, building planets, towers and following directions with play dough.

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Here are a few other activities included in this packet: 

*Stem with coins-How high can you build?
*Stem-Build 3D shapes
*Playdough solar system
*Sink or Float Experiment
*Playdough Letter mats
*Following Directions
*Writing Observation Worksheet
*Generic Smash Mat (to be used to target any skill)
*CVC Smash Mat
*Verbs/Nouns Smash Mat
*Conversation/turn taking
*Tags for student gifts

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What’s even more, I’ve included this resource for free in my new Resources for Mixed Groups Video Package! I hope you have as much fun with these activities as we have!

Step Away From the Sippy Cup!

A Message from Christine Wilson:

As an SLP who treats babies with feeding challenges, I frequently hear from parents how excited they are to begin teaching their baby to use a sippy cup.  Problem is, those sippy cups seem to linger through preschool.
Parents often view it as a developmental milestone, when in fact it was invented simply to keep the floor clean and was never designed for developing oral motor skills.  Sippy cups were invented for parents, not for kids.  The next transition from breast and/or bottle is to learn to drink from an open cup held by an adult in order to limit spills or to learn to drink from a straw cup.

Once a child transitions to a cup with a straw, I suggest cutting down the straw so that the child can just get his lips around it, but can’t anchor his tongue underneath it.   That’s my issue with the sippy-cup: It continues to promote the anterior-posterior movement of the tongue,  characteristic of a suckle-like pattern that infants use for breast or bottle feeding.  Sippy cups limit the child’s ability to develop a more mature swallowing pattern, especially  with continued use after the first year.  The spout blocks the tongue tip from rising up to the alveolar ridge just above the front teeth and forces the child to continue to push his tongue forward and back as he sucks on the spout to extract the juice.

Discontinue use of the sippy cup if the child is over 10 months.  Allow your child to develop the next milestone by mastering a mature swallow pattern.  That is, unless you want to go to an orthodontist and speech language pathologist!

Angelman Syndrome

02C85890Angelman syndrome or “puppet syndrome” is a rare genetic disorder causing developmental disabilities and nerve-related symptoms. It usually isn’t detected until developmental delays become noticeable, usually around six to twelve months of age. Symptoms include lack of crawling or babbling, minimal speech, and frequent smiling and laughter. Inability to walk, move, or balance well (ataxia) is also a symptom.

Communication is greatly affected by the syndrome. Most children with Angelman syndrome have limited speech, up to four words, or no speech. Their comprehension/receptive skills are usually stronger than their expressive ones. Majority of those with Angelman syndrome express their needs by sign language, gestures, or picture communication. Speech therapy, along with occupational and physical, focuses on improving their communication, gross, and fine motor skills.

See this fact sheet to get this information and more on Angelman Syndrome!