Ways to Practice Articulation

reading-and-writing

Play the alphabet game where you take turns going through the alphabet thinking of an animal or a food that starts with each letter of the alphabet. When targeting speech sounds you can play a similar game, only instead of thinking of animals that start with the letter k you might think of as many words as you can that start with the /k/ sound like “cat,” “cookie” and “kite.” You take turns going back and forth until someone is stumped and can’t think of another word. Or try to find license plate numbers that have the letters/sounds you’re targeting. Another idea is “I Spy” using certain sounds. For example, “I spy something that starts with a K.”

2. Sidewalk chalk

You could create your own hopscotch game with speech words, make your own life size board game with speech words, or simply draw and color speech words in the driveway. Let your kids have a great time expressing their creativity on the concrete canvas of the driveway all while practicing the sounds they need work on at the same time.

3. Picture Scavenger Hunt

Go through the house and or yard and take pictures of as many things as you can that start with your targeted sound. Whoever takes the most pictures wins. In order to get the prize they have to say each word clearly.

4. Playdough fun

Draw a word out of a hat, then shape your playdough into that word. Have the other players guess what you have created. For extra points you could have them say the word in a sentence.

5. In the sand

Whether you are in your backyard sand box or at the beach, kids of all ages love the sand! Make it a speech activity by burying objects or laminated picture cards for them to find. When they find the objects or speech cards have them say the word as they put them in their sand pail.

6. Flashlight Hide and Seek

Tape your practice words around the house then turn off the lights. Hand your child a flashlight and then go find the words. Have them say each word as they find them.

7. Reading Books

Choose books that are interesting to your kids and help them find pictures or words that start with the sounds they are working on. You may have them just listen as you say the words clearly for them to hear, or you may have them try saying the words as well.

8. On the Go

Grab your iPad, iPhone or iPod touch and have fun practicing the words, sentences and stories  anywhere. This is always fun, and just perfect when you are waiting at the doctors office, driving in the car, on a plane, or at home with nowhere to go at all.

Check out this page for tons of articulation cards to practice with!

Worksheets

Stuttering

spread the wordInternational Stuttering Awareness Day is October 22!

Fluency is the aspect of speech production that refers to continuity, smoothness, rate, and effort.

Stuttering, the most common fluency disorder, is an interruption in the flow of speaking characterized by repetitions (sounds, syllables, words, phrases), sound prolongations, blocks, interjections, and revisions, which may affect the rate and rhythm of speech. These disfluencies may be accompanied by physical tension, negative reactions, secondary behaviors, and avoidance of sounds, words, or speaking situations.

Cluttering, another fluency disorder, is characterized by a perceived rapid and/or irregular speech rate, which results in breakdowns in speech clarity and/or fluency.

Some examples of stuttering include:

  • W- W- W- Where are you going?” (Part-word repetition: The person is having difficulty moving from the “w” in “where” to the remaining sounds in the word. On the fourth attempt, he successfully completes the word.)
  • SSSS ave me a seat.” (Sound prolongation: The person is having difficulty moving from the “s” in “save” to the remaining sounds in the word. He continues to say the “s” sound until he is able to complete the word.)
  • “I’ll meet you – um um you know like – around six o’clock.” (A series of interjections: The person expects to have difficulty smoothly joining the word “you” with the word “around.” In response to the anticipated difficulty, he produces several interjections until he is able to say the word “around” smoothly.)

When talking with people who stutter, the best thing to do is give them the time they need to say what they want to say. Try not to finish sentences or fill in words for them. Doing so only increases the person’s sense of time pressure. Also, suggestions like “slow down,” “relax,” or “take a deep breath” can make the person feel even more uncomfortable because these comments suggest that stuttering should be simple to overcome, but it’s not!

Information from an evaluation done by an SLP is then used to develop a specific treatment program, one that is designed to:

  • help the individual speak more fluently,
  • communicate more effectively, and
  • participate more fully in life activities.

 

asha.org

Is Language Different From Speech?

Hand holding a Hello 3D Sphere

YES! As stated by ASHA,

Language is made up of socially shared rules that include the following:

  • What words mean
  • How to make new words
  • How to put words together
  • What word combinations are best in what situations

Speech on the other hand is the verbal means of communicating. Speech consists of the following three:

Articulation

  • How speech sounds are made

Voice

  • Use of the vocal folds and breathing to produce sound

Fluency

  • The rhythm of speech

When a person has trouble understanding others (receptive language), or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings completely (expressive language), then he or she has a language disorder.

When a person is unable to produce speech sounds correctly or fluently, or has problems with his or her voice, then he or she has a speech disorder.

A speech therapist such as  Christine Wilson  is the first step toward improving language and speech problems.

Rainy Day Activity

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Rainy Day Vocabulary Craft: Following Directions, Vocabulary, Sorting

This is a super fun craft that is great for a rainy day, but can be used throughout the year to work on vocabulary and categorizing as well. First you will need to help your child make some umbrellas and rain drops. Make sure the raindrops are big enough that you can put pictures on them later. To work on following directions with your child, make a set of directions for completing this craft.  Make as many of these as you want, the more you have the more you can categorize. You will also need to get some small pictures of common objects to put on your raindrops. Try to choose a few objects from various categories. For example, choose a few foods, such as raisins, a few clothing items, such as buttons or sequins, pieces of paper, etc. Glue one object onto each raindrop. That can be part of the directions you give your child to complete the craft. Then, write each category on one of the umbrellas. For example, one might say “clothes” and another might say “foods”.

Now that your craft is done, you can use it to practice vocabulary and sorting! Lay the umbrellas out in front of your child. Hand your child a rain drop and say “what’s this?”. Once your child tells you what it is (or you help him say the name of it), ask him which category it goes it. Is it a food? Clothing? What color is it? Place the rain drop with the appropriate umbrella.

Enjoy this rainy day activitiy!